Dogs come in different coat types depending on their breeds. That’s why understanding their coat type or fur will give you an advantage when it comes to making them look at their best. As a dog groomer, you must learn the right techniques of grooming. You should also take into consideration the pet owner’s preferences, lifestyle, and the dog’s coat characteristics. For future references, it would help if you keep a photo album of the different mixed breed hair styles you’ve provided. That way, you can easily share them with pet owners and set their expectations about the results.
I’ve personally worked as a dog groomer at Mobile Dog Grooming Simi Valley for three years. So here are some brief dog-grooming tips I can give you that you can apply:
There are various problems associated with dogs that have a long-haired coat. Regular check-up on their coat is important to prevent ticks and fleas which are common with this type of dogs. More grooming, care, and maintenance are required compared to short-haired breeds. Be sure to check their matted hair around the anus as well as around the ear to prevent unhealthy skin conditions and other serious illnesses.
Dogs with this type of breed require less grooming. However, you need to get rid of dead hair and debris that are often found in their coat using a slicker brush or a soft brush. Meanwhile, breeds with a dense undercoat would require occasional grooming using a shedding rake.
Smooth-coated dogs do not need to be brushed daily, but brushing is still beneficial to help preserve the natural moisture of their skin. Maintaining a clean coat that is free from shed hairs and dirt is possible using a bristle brush. Examples of dog breeds that have a smooth coat are the Weimaraner and the Great Dane.
A wirehaired coat is often rough and bristly, thus it requires a groomer to pluck or strip out the breed’s straggly hair using the fingers or a stripping knife. Doing such will stimulate the breed’s skin and allow new hair to grow. Fox Terrier and the Border are two examples of breeds that have this kind of coat.
Single and Double Coats
Dogs with single coats lack a layer of undercoat, but they do have an outer guard fur. It’s essential to always spray single coats with water or conditioner before grooming to prevent breakage. Afghan Hound is an example of a dog with a single coat type.
On the other hand, dogs with double coats have outer guard hairs with an inner layer of undercoat. This characteristic allows them to endure any type of weather outside. Working breeds and some sporting dogs often have double coats.
These breeds have curly coats that require regular baths to keep their fur clean. Matting their coats similar to dreadlocks will create a weather-resistant shield in some hunting breeds. Unfortunately, corded coats will take long hours to dry after each bath.
Wooly or Wavy Coat
Curly or wavy coats can easily get knotted and tangled. It is, therefore, important to always spray some conditioner or water before brushing this type of coat to prevent breakage.
Although breeds with this type of coat have no hair, their skin must still be maintained the same way as other breed coats. They still require regular baths, moisturizer, and sunscreen in places with hot climates.